# Partial Fraction Decomposition of a Rational Expression

## Definition

Partial fraction decomposition is a method used to express a rational expression as a sum of simpler fractions.

## Description

Partial Fraction Decomposition is a powerful tool in the study of Rational Numbers, Expressions, Equations, and Functions. It involves breaking down a complex rational expression into a sum of simpler fractions, which are easier to integrate or differentiate. For example, the rational function

$$\frac{2x+3}{(x+1)(x-2)}$$

can be decomposed into

$$\frac{A}{x+1} + \frac{B}{x-2}$$

where A and B are constants determined by solving a system of equations. This technique is essential in calculus, particularly in the integration of rational functions. It simplifies the process of finding antiderivatives and helps in solving differential equations. Partial fraction decomposition is also used in control theory and signal processing, where it aids in analyzing and designing systems. By breaking down complex expressions, this method provides a clearer understanding of the underlying mathematical structure and facilitates the solution of problems in various fields.

For a complete collection of terms related to polynomials click on this link: Rationals and Radicals Collection

Common Core Standards CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.REI.A.2, CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSN.RN.A.1, CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSF.IF.C.7 8 - 12 Algebra     • Rational Expressions and Functions         • Rational Expressions 2022 radicals, radical expressions, rational numbers, rational expressions, definitions, glossary term, rational functions