Lesson Plan: Introduction to Linear Equations

Lesson Objectives:

  • Define linear equations and their components (variables, coefficients, constants)
  • Identify linear equations from given equations or word problems
  • Represent linear equations using tables, graphs, and algebraic expressions

Common Core Standards:

  • 8.EE.B.5: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph.
  • 8.EE.C.7: Solve linear equations in one variable.

Prerequisite Skills:

  • Understanding of variables and algebraic expressions
  • Familiarity with the Cartesian coordinate plane
  • Basic arithmetic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division)

Key Vocabulary:

  • Linear equation
  • Variable
  • Coefficient
  • Constant
  • Slope
  • y-intercept

Warm-up Activity (5 minutes)

Introduce the concept of linear equations by showing real-life examples. Use this slide show:


This shows these applications of linear equations:

  • Cricket chirps vs. Temperature
  • The cost vs. time for renting equipment
  • Distance vs. time

Then show this slide show to compare and contrast linear and non-linear graphs:


Teach (20 minutes)

Definition and Components of Linear Equations

Define linear equations as equations that form a straight line when graphed. Use this slide show that provides video definitions of linear equations and linear functions:


Explain the components: variables, coefficients, and constants.

Here are some additional definitions to review:

Identifying Linear Equations

Introduce linear equations in standard form and show how this form relates to the slope-intercept form. Use this slide show:


Representing Linear Equations

  • Introduce the three ways to represent linear equations: tables, graphs, and algebraic expressions. Use this slide show of examples of multiple representations of linear equations:


  • Demonstrate how to create a table of values and plot points on the coordinate plane. Use this Desmos activity to explore the three representations of linear equations:


  • Explain the concept of slope and y-intercept, and their relationship to the equation's form. Use this Desmos activity to explore slope-intercept form:


Review (10 minutes)

Use this slide show to review linear equations and functions, along with an application of slope:


You can also assign this worksheet, which reviews multiple representations of linear equations and functions:


Assess (5 minutes)

Administer a 10-question quiz to assess students' understanding of linear equations. The quiz should include questions on identifying linear equations, finding components, and representing them in different forms. 


  1. Which of the following is a linear equation?
    a) y = x^2 + 3
    b) 2x + 5y = 10
    c) x^3 - y = 0
    d) 3x - 2y + 4 = 0
  2. Identify the coefficient of x in the equation: 4x + 2y = 8.
  3. What is the y-intercept of the equation y = 2x + 3?
  4. What is the general form of a linear equation in slope-intercept form?
  5. What is the general form of a linear equation in standard form?
  6. Determine if the equation 5x + 2y - 3 = 0 is linear or non-linear.
  7. Which equation represents this situation: The cost of renting a car is \$25 plus $0.20 per mile.
    a) y = 0.2x + 25
    b) y = 25x + 0.2
  8. Identify the variables, coefficients, and constant in the equation: y = -2x + 5.
  9. Find the slope of the line represented by the equation y = 1/2x + 3.
  10. Determine if the equation x^2 + y^2 = 25 is a linear equation or not.


  1. b and d
  2. 4
  3. 3
  4. y = mx + b
  5. Ax + By = C
  6. Linear
  7. a
  8. Variables: x, y; coefficients: 1, -2; constant: 5
  9. 1/2
  10. Not a linear equation

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