This alignment shows the Media4Math resources that support the standards shown below. Click on a course to see the North Carolina standards for it. Then click on a specific standard to see all the Media4Math resources that support it.

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## Math 1 |
## Math 2 |
## Math 3 |
## Math 4 |
## Precalculus |

## Math 1

NC.M1.N-RN.2 | Rewrite algebraic expressions with integer exponents using the properties of exponents. |

NC.M1.A-SSE.1 | Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context. |

NC.M1.A-SSE.1a | a. Identify and interpret parts of a linear, exponential, or quadratic expression, including terms, factors, coefficients, and exponents. |

NC.M1.A-SSE.1b | b. Interpret a linear, exponential, or quadratic expression made of multiple parts as a combination of entities to give meaning to an expression. |

NC.M1.A-SSE.3 | Write an equivalent form of a quadratic expression ax^{2} + bx + c, where a is an integer, by factoring to reveal the solutions of the equation or the zeros of the function the expression defines. |

NC.M1.A-APR.1 | Build an understanding that operations with polynomials are comparable to operations with integers by adding and subtracting quadratic expressions and by adding, subtracting, and multiplying linear expressions. |

NC.M1.A-APR.3 | Understand the relationships among the factors of a quadratic expression, the solutions of a quadratic equation, and the zeros of a quadratic function. |

NC.M1.A-CED.1 | Create equations and inequalities in one variable that represent linear, exponential, and quadratic relationships and use them to solve problems. |

NC.M1.A-CED.2 | Create and graph equations in two variables to represent linear, exponential, and quadratic relationships between quantities. |

NC.M1.A-CED.3 | Create systems of linear equations and inequalities to model situations in context. |

NC.M1.A-CED.4 | Solve for a quantity of interest in formulas used in science and mathematics using the same reasoning as in solving equations. |

NC.M1.A-REI.1 | Justify a chosen solution method and each step of the solving process for linear and quadratic equations using mathematical reasoning. |

NC.M1.A-REI.3 | Solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable. |

NC.M1.A-REI.4 | Solve for the real solutions of quadratic equations in one variable by taking square roots and factoring. |

NC.M1.A-REI.5 | Explain why replacing one equation in a system of linear equations by the sum of that equation and a multiple of the other produces a system with the same solutions. |

NC.M1.A-REI.6 | Use tables, graphs, or algebraic methods (substitution and elimination) to find approximate or exact solutions to systems of linear equations and interpret solutions in terms of a context. |

NC.M1.A-REI.10 | Understand that the graph of a two variable equation represents the set of all solutions to the equation. |

NC.M1.A-REI.11 | Build an understanding of why the x-coordinates of the points where the graphs of two linear, exponential, and/or quadratic equations π¦ = π(π₯) and π¦ = π(π₯) intersect are the solutions of the equation π(π₯) = π(π₯) and approximate solutions using graphing technology or successive approximations with a table of values. |

NC.M1.A-REI.12 | Represent the solutions of a linear inequality or a system of linear inequalities graphically as a region of the plane. |

NC.M1.F-IF.1 | Build an understanding that a function from one set (called the domain) to another set (called the range) assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range by recognizing that: if f is a function and x is an element of its domain, then π(π₯) denotes the output of f corresponding to the input x. the graph of π is the graph of the equation π¦ = π(π₯). |

NC.M1.F-IF.2 | Use function notation to evaluate linear, quadratic, and exponential functions for inputs in their domains, and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context. |

NC.MI.F-IF.3 | Recognize that recursively and explicitly defined sequences are functions whose domain is a subset of the integers, the terms of an arithmetic sequence are a subset of the range of a linear function, and the terms of a geometric sequence are a subset of the range of an exponential function. |

NC.M1.F-IF.4 | Interpret key features of graphs, tables, and verbal descriptions in context to describe functions that arise in applications relating two quantities, including: intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; and maximums and minimums. |

NC.M1.F-IF.5 | Interpret a function in terms of the context by relating its domain and range to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes. |

NC.M1.F-IF.6 | Calculate and interpret the average rate of change over a specified interval for a function presented numerically, graphically, and/or symbolically. |

NC.M1.F-IF.7 | Analyze linear, exponential, and quadratic functions by generating different representations, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases, to show key features, including: domain and range; rate of change; intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; maximums and minimums; and end behavior. |

NC.M1.F-IF.8 | Use equivalent expressions to reveal and explain different properties of a function. |

NC.M1.F-IF.8a | a. Rewrite a quadratic function to reveal and explain different key features of the function |

NC.M1.F-IF.8b | b. Interpret and explain growth and decay rates for an exponential function. |

NC.M1.F-IF.9 | Compare key features of two functions (linear, quadratic, or exponential) each with a different representation (symbolically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). |

NC.M1.F-BF.1 | Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities. |

NC.M1.F-BF.1a | a. Build linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two ordered pairs (include reading these from a table). |

NC.M1.F-BF.1b | b. Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities by combining linear, exponential, or quadratic functions with addition and subtraction or two linear functions with multiplication. |

NC.M1.F-BF.2 | Translate between explicit and recursive forms of arithmetic and geometric sequences and use both to model situations. |

NC.M1.F-LE.1 | Identify situations that can be modeled with linear and exponential functions, and justify the most appropriate model for a situation based on the rate of change over equal intervals. |

NC.M1.F-LE.3 | Compare the end behavior of linear, exponential, and quadratic functions using graphs and tables to show that a quantity increasing exponentially eventually exceeds a quantity increasing linearly or quadratically. |

NC.M1.F-LE.5 | Interpret the parameters π and π in a linear function π(π₯) = ππ₯ + π or an exponential function π(π₯) = πππ₯ in terms of a context. |

NC.M1.G-GPE.4 | Use coordinates to solve geometric problems involving polygons algebraically Use coordinates to compute perimeters of polygons and areas of triangles and rectangles. Use coordinates to verify algebraically that a given set of points produces a particular type of triangle or quadrilateral. |

NC.M1.G-GPE.5 | Use coordinates to prove the slope criteria for parallel and perpendicular lines and use them to solve problems. Determine if two lines are parallel, perpendicular, or neither. Find the equation of a line parallel or perpendicular to a given line that passes through a given point. |

NC.M1.G-GPE.6 | Use coordinates to find the midpoint or endpoint of a line segment. |

NC.M1.S-ID.1 | Use technology to represent data with plots on the real number line (histograms, and box plots). |

NC.M1.S-ID.2 | Use statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution to compare center (median, mean) and spread (interquartile range, standard deviation) of two or more different data sets. Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets. |

NC.M1.S-ID.3 | Examine the effects of extreme data points (outliers) on shape, center, and/or spread. |

NC.M1.S-ID.6 | Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. |

NC.M1.S-ID.6a | a. Fit a least squares regression line to linear data using technology. Use the fitted function to solve problems. |

NC.M1.S-ID.6b | b. Assess the fit of a linear function by analyzing residuals. |

NC.M1.S-ID.6c | c. Fit a function to exponential data using technology. Use the fitted function to solve problems. |

NC.M1.S-ID.7 | Interpret in context the rate of change and the intercept of a linear model. Use the linear model to interpolate and extrapolate predicted values. Assess the validity of a predicted value. |

NC.M1.S-ID.8 | Analyze patterns and describe relationships between two variables in context. Using technology, determine the correlation coefficient of bivariate data and interpret it as a measure of the strength and direction of a linear relationship. Use a scatter plot, correlation coefficient, and a residual plot to determine the appropriateness of using a linear function to model a relationship between two variables. |

NC.M1.S-ID.9 | Distinguish between association and causation. |

## Math 2

NC.M2.N-RN.1 | Explain how expressions with rational exponents can be rewritten as radical expressions. |

NC.M2.N-RN.2 | Rewrite expressions with radicals and rational exponents into equivalent expressions using the properties of exponents. |

NC.M2.N-RN.3 | Use the properties of rational and irrational numbers to explain why: the sum or product of two rational numbers is rational; the sum of a rational number and an irrational number is irrational; the product of a nonzero rational number and an irrational number is irrational. |

NC.M2.N-CN.1 | Know there is a complex number i such that i^{2} = β 1, and every complex number has the form π + ππ where π and π are real numbers. |

NC.M2.A-SSE.1 | Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context. |

NC.M2.A-SSE.1a | a. Identify and interpret parts of a quadratic, square root, inverse variation, or right triangle trigonometric expression, including terms, factors, coefficients, radicands, and exponents. |

NC.M2.A-SSE.1b | b. Interpret quadratic and square root expressions made of multiple parts as a combination of single entities to give meaning in terms of a context. |

NC.M2.A-SSE.3 | Write an equivalent form of a quadratic expression by completing the square, where π is an integer of a quadratic expression, ππ₯2 + ππ₯ + π, to reveal the maximum or minimum value of the function the expression defines. |

NC.M2.A-APR.1 | Extend the understanding that operations with polynomials are comparable to operations with integers by adding, subtracting, and multiplying polynomials. |

NC.M2.A-CED.1 | Create equations and inequalities in one variable that represent quadratic, square root, inverse variation, and right triangle trigonometric relationships and use them to solve problems. |

NC.M2.A-CED.2 | Create and graph equations in two variables to represent quadratic, square root and inverse variation relationships between quantities. |

NC.M2.A-CED.3 | Create systems of linear, quadratic, square root, and inverse variation equations to model situations in context. |

NC.M2.A-REI.1 | Justify a chosen solution method and each step of the solving process for quadratic, square root and inverse variation equations using mathematical reasoning. |

NC.M2.A-REI.2 | Solve and interpret one variable inverse variation and square root equations arising from a context, and explain how extraneous solutions may be produced. |

NC.M2.A-REI.4 | Solve for all solutions of quadratic equations in one variable. |

NC.M2.A-REI.4a | a. Understand that the quadratic formula is the generalization of solving ππ₯2 + ππ₯ + π by using the process of completing the square. |

NC.M2.A-REI.4b | b. Explain when quadratic equations will have non-real solutions and express complex solutions as π Β± ππ for real numbers π and π. |

NC.M2.A-REI.7 | Use tables, graphs, and algebraic methods to approximate or find exact solutions of systems of linear and quadratic equations, and interpret the solutions in terms of a context. |

NC.M2.A-REI.11 | Extend the understanding that the π₯-coordinates of the points where the graphs of two square root and/or inverse variation equations π¦ = π(π₯) and π¦ = π(π₯) intersect are the solutions of the equation π(π₯) = π(π₯) and approximate solutions using graphing technology or successive approximations with a table of values. |

NC.M2.F-IF.1 | Extend the concept of a function to include geometric transformations in the plane by recognizing that: the domain and range of a transformation function f are sets of points in the plane; the image of a transformation is a function of its pre-image. |

NC.M2.F-IF.2 | Extend the use of function notation to express the image of a geometric figure in the plane resulting from a translation, rotation by multiples of 90 degrees about the origin, reflection across an axis, or dilation as a function of its pre-image. |

NC.M2.F-IF.4 | Interpret key features of graphs, tables, and verbal descriptions in context to describe functions that arise in applications relating two quantities, including: domain and range, rate of change, symmetries, and end behavior. |

NC.M2.F-IF.7 | Analyze quadratic, square root, and inverse variation functions by generating different representations, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases, to show key features, including: domain and range; intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; rate of change; maximums and minimums; symmetries; and end behavior. |

NC.M2.F-IF.8 | Use equivalent expressions to reveal and explain different properties of a function by developing and using the process of completing the square to identify the zeros, extreme values, and symmetry in graphs and tables representing quadratic functions, and interpret these in terms of a context. |

NC.M2.F-IF.9 | Compare key features of two functions (linear, quadratic, square root, or inverse variation functions) each with a different representation (symbolically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). |

NC.M2.F-BF.1 | Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities by building quadratic functions with real solution(s) and inverse variation functions given a graph, a description of a relationship, or ordered pairs (include reading these from a table). |

NC.M2.F-BF.3 | Understand the effects of the graphical and tabular representations of a linear, quadratic, square root, and inverse variation function f with π β π(π₯), π(π₯) + π, π(π₯ + π) for specific values of π (both positive and negative). |

NC.M2.G-CO.2 | Experiment with transformations in the plane. Represent transformations in the plane. Compare rigid motions that preserve distance and angle measure (translations, reflections, rotations) to transformations that do not preserve both distance and angle measure (e.g. stretches, dilations). Understand that rigid motions produce congruent figures while dilations produce similar figures. |

NC.M2.G-CO.3 | Given a triangle, quadrilateral, or regular polygon, describe any reflection or rotation symmetry i.e., actions that carry the figure onto itself. Identify center and angle(s) of rotation symmetry. Identify line(s) of reflection symmetry. |

NC.M2.G-CO.4 | Verify experimentally properties of rotations, reflections, and translations in terms of angles, circles, perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and line segments. |

NC.M2.G-CO.5 | Given a geometric figure and a rigid motion, find the image of the figure. Given a geometric figure and its image, specify a rigid motion or sequence of rigid motions that will transform the pre-image to its image. |

NC.M2.G-CO.6 | Determine whether two figures are congruent by specifying a rigid motion or sequence of rigid motions that will transform one figure onto the other. |

NC.M2.G-CO.7 | Use the properties of rigid motions to show that two triangles are congruent if and only if corresponding pairs of sides and corresponding pairs of angles are congruent. |

NC.M2.G-CO.8 | Use congruence in terms of rigid motion. Justify the ASA, SAS, and SSS criteria for triangle congruence. Use criteria for triangle congruence (ASA, SAS, SSS, HL) to determine whether two triangles are congruent. |

NC.M2.G-CO.9 | Prove theorems about lines and angles and use them to prove relationships in geometric figures including: Vertical angles are congruent. When a transversal crosses parallel lines, alternate interior angles are congruent. When a transversal crosses parallel lines, corresponding angles are congruent. Points are on a perpendicular bisector of a line segment if and only if they are equidistant from the endpoints of the segment. Use congruent triangles to justify why the bisector of an angle is equidistant from the sides of the angle. |

NC.M2.G-CO.10 | Prove theorems about triangles and use them to prove relationships in geometric figures including: The sum of the measures of the interior angles of a triangle is 180ΒΊ. An exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of its remote interior angles. The base angles of an isosceles triangle are congruent. The segment joining the midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and half the length. |

NC.M2.G-SRT.1 | Verify experimentally the properties of dilations with given center and scale factor: |

NC.M2.G-SRT.1a | a. When a line segment passes through the center of dilation, the line segment and its image lie on the same line. When a line segment does not pass through the center of dilation, the line segment and its image are parallel. |

NC.M2.G-SRT.1b | b. The length of the image of a line segment is equal to the length of the line segment multiplied by the scale factor. |

NC.M2.G-SRT.1c | c. The distance between the center of a dilation and any point on the image is equal to the scale factor multiplied by the distance between the dilation center and the corresponding point on the pre-image. |

NC.M2.G-SRT.1d | d. Dilations preserve angle measure. |

NC.M2.G-SRT.2 | Understand similarity in terms of transformations. |

NC.M2.G-SRT.2a | a. Determine whether two figures are similar by specifying a sequence of transformations that will transform one figure into the other. |

NC.M2.G-SRT.2b | b. Use the properties of dilations to show that two triangles are similar when all corresponding pairs of sides are proportional and all corresponding pairs of angles are congruent. |

NC.M2.G-SRT.3 | Use transformations (rigid motions and dilations) to justify the AA criterion for triangle similarity. |

NC.M2.G-SRT.4 | Use similarity to solve problems and to prove theorems about triangles. Use theorems about triangles to prove relationships in geometric figures. A line parallel to one side of a triangle divides the other two sides proportionally and its converse. The Pythagorean Theorem |

NC.M2.G-SRT.6 | Verify experimentally that the side ratios in similar right triangles are properties of the angle measures in the triangle, due to the preservation of angle measure in similarity. Use this discovery to develop definitions of the trigonometric ratios for acute angles. |

NC.M2.G-SRT.8 | Use trigonometric ratios and the Pythagorean Theorem to solve problems involving right triangles in terms of a context |

NC.M2.G-SRT.12 | Develop properties of special right triangles (45-45-90 and 30-60-90) and use them to solve problems. |

NC.M2.S-IC.2 | Use simulation to determine whether the experimental probability generated by sample data is consistent with the theoretical probability based on known information about the population. |

NC.M2.S-CP.1 | Describe events as subsets of the outcomes in a sample space using characteristics of the outcomes or as unions, intersections and complements of other events. |

NC.M2.S-CP.3 | Develop and understand independence and conditional probability. |

NC.M2.S-CP.3a | a. Use a 2-way table to develop understanding of the conditional probability of A given B (written P(A|B)) as the likelihood that A will occur given that B has occurred. That is, P(A|B) is the fraction of event Bβs outcomes that also belong to event A. |

NC.M2.S-CP.3b | b. Understand that event A is independent from event B if the probability of event A does not change in response to the occurrence of event B. That is P(A|B)=P(A). |

NC.M2.S-CP.4 | Represent data on two categorical variables by constructing a two-way frequency table of data. Interpret the two-way table as a sample space to calculate conditional, joint and marginal probabilities. Use the table to decide if events are independent. |

NC.M2.S-CP.5 | Recognize and explain the concepts of conditional probability and independence in everyday language and everyday situations. |

NC.M2.S-CP.6 | Find the conditional probability of A given B as the fraction of Bβs outcomes that also belong to A, and interpret the answer in context. |

NC.M2.S-CP.7 | Apply the Addition Rule, P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) β P(A and B), and interpret the answer in context. |

NC.M2.S-CP.8 | Apply the general Multiplication Rule P(A and B) = P(A)P(B|A) = P(B)P(A|B), and interpret the answer in context. Include the case where A and B are independent: P(A and B) = P(A) P(B). |

## Math 3

NC.M3.N-CN.9 | Use the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra to determine the number and potential types of solutions for polynomial functions. |

NC.M3.A-SSE.1 | Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context. |

NC.M3.A-SSE.1a | a. Identify and interpret parts of a piecewise, absolute value, polynomial, exponential and rational expressions including terms, factors, coefficients, and exponents. |

NC.M3.A-SSE.1b | b. Interpret expressions composed of multiple parts by viewing one or more of their parts as a single entity to give meaning in terms of a context. |

NC.M3.A-SSE.2 | Use the structure of an expression to identify ways to write equivalent expressions. |

NC.M3.A-SSE.3 | Write an equivalent form of an exponential expression by using the properties of exponents to transform expressions to reveal rates based on different intervals of the domain. |

NC.M3.A-APR.2 | Understand and apply the Remainder Theorem. |

NC.M3.A-APR.3 | Understand the relationship among factors of a polynomial expression, the solutions of a polynomial equation and the zeros of a polynomial function. |

NC.M3.A-APR.6 | Rewrite simple rational expressions in different forms; write π(π₯)/b(x) in the form π(π₯) + π(π₯) , where π(π₯), π(π₯), π(π₯), and π(π₯) are polynomials with the degree of π(π₯) less than the degree of π(π₯). |

NC.M3.A-APR.7 | Understand the similarities between arithmetic with rational expressions and arithmetic with rational numbers. |

NC.M3.A-APR.7a | a. Add and subtract two rational expressions, π(π₯) and π(π₯), where the denominators of both π(π₯) and π(π₯) are linear expressions. |

NC.M3.A-APR.7b | b. Multiply and divide two rational expressions. |

NC.M3.A-CED.1 | Create equations and inequalities in one variable that represent absolute value, polynomial, exponential, and rational relationships and use them to solve problems algebraically and graphically. |

NC.M3.A-CED.2 | Create and graph equations in two variables to represent absolute value, polynomial, exponential and rational relationships between quantities. |

NC.M3.A-CED.3 | Create systems of equations and/or inequalities to model situations in context. |

NC.M3.A-REI.1 | Justify a solution method for equations and explain each step of the solving process using mathematical reasoning. |

NC.M3.A-REI.2 | Solve and interpret one variable rational equations arising from a context, and explain how extraneous solutions may be produced. |

NC.M3.A-REI.11 | Extend an understanding that the π₯-coordinates of the points where the graphs of two equations π¦ = π(π₯) and π¦ = π(π₯) intersect are the solutions of the equation π(π₯) = π(π₯) and approximate solutions using a graphing technology or successive approximations with a table of values. |

NC.M3.F-IF.1 | Extend the concept of a function by recognizing that trigonometric ratios are functions of angle measure. |

NC.M3.F-IF.2 | Use function notation to evaluate piecewise defined functions for inputs in their domains, and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context. |

NC.M3.F-IF.4 | Interpret key features of graphs, tables, and verbal descriptions in context to describe functions that arise in applications relating two quantities to include periodicity and discontinuities. |

NC.M3.F-IF.7 | Analyze piecewise, absolute value, polynomials, exponential, rational, and trigonometric functions (sine and cosine) using different representations to show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases, including: domain and range; intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; rate of change; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; period; and discontinuities. |

NC.M3.F-IF.9 | Compare key features of two functions using different representations by comparing properties of two different functions, each with a different representation (symbolically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). |

NC.M3.F-BF.1 | Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities. |

NC.M3.F-BF.1a | a. Build polynomial and exponential functions with real solution(s) given a graph, a description of a relationship, or ordered pairs (include reading these from a table). |

NC.M3.F-BF.1b | b. Build a new function, in terms of a context, by combining standard function types using arithmetic operations. |

NC.M3.F-BF.3 | Extend an understanding of the effects on the graphical and tabular representations of a function when replacing π(π₯) with π βπ(π₯), π(π₯) + π, π(π₯ + π) to include π(π β π₯) for specific values of π (both positive and negative). |

NC.M3.F-BF.4 | Find an inverse function. |

NC.M3.F-BF.4a | a. Understand the inverse relationship between exponential and logarithmic, quadratic and square root, and linear to linear functions and use this relationship to solve problems using tables, graphs, and equations. |

NC.M3.F-BF.4b | b. Determine if an inverse function exists by analyzing tables, graphs, and equations. |

NC.M3.F-BF.4c | c. If an inverse function exists for a linear, quadratic and/or exponential function, f, represent the inverse function, f-1, with a table, graph, or equation and use it to solve problems in terms of a context. |

NC.M3.F-LE.3 | Compare the end behavior of functions using their rates of change over intervals of the same length to show that a quantity increasing exponentially eventually exceeds a quantity increasing as a polynomial function. |

NC.M3.F-LE.4 | Use logarithms to express the solution to ππππ‘ = π where π, π, π, and π are numbers and evaluate the logarithm using technology. |

NC.M3.F-TF.1 | Understand radian measure of an angle as: The ratio of the length of an arc on a circle subtended by the angle to its radius. A dimensionless measure of length defined by the quotient of arc length and radius that is a real number. The domain for trigonometric functions. |

NC.M3.F-TF.2 | Build an understanding of trigonometric functions by using tables, graphs and technology to represent the cosine and sine functions. |

NC.M3.F-TF.2a | a. Interpret the sine function as the relationship between the radian measure of an angle formed by the horizontal axis and a terminal ray on the unit circle and its y coordinate. |

NC.M3.F-TF.2b | b. Interpret the cosine function as the relationship between the radian measure of an angle formed by the horizontal axis and a terminal ray on the unit circle and its x coordinate. |

NC.M3.F-TF.5 | Use technology to investigate the parameters, π, π, and β of a sine function, π(π₯) = π β π ππ(π β π₯) + β, to represent periodic phenomena and interpret key features in terms of a context. |

NC.M3.G-CO.10 | Verify experimentally properties of the centers of triangles (centroid, incenter, and circumcenter). |

NC.M3.G-CO.11 | Prove theorems about parallelograms. Opposite sides of a parallelogram are congruent. Opposite angles of a parallelogram are congruent. Diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other. If the diagonals of a parallelogram are congruent, then the parallelogram is a rectangle. |

NC.M3.G-CO.14 | Apply properties, definitions, and theorems of two-dimensional figures to prove geometric theorems and solve problems. |

NC.M3.G-C.2 | Understand and apply theorems about circles. Understand and apply theorems about relationships with angles and circles, including central, inscribed and circumscribed angles. Understand and apply theorems about relationships with line segments and circles including, radii, diameter, secants, tangents and chords. |

NC.M3.G-C.5 | Using similarity, demonstrate that the length of an arc, s, for a given central angle is proportional to the radius, r, of the circle. Define radian measure of the central angle as the ratio of the length of the arc to the radius of the circle, s/r. Find arc lengths and areas of sectors of circles. |

NC.M3.G-GPE.1 | Derive the equation of a circle of given center and radius using the Pythagorean Theorem; complete the square to find the center and radius of a circle given by an equation. |

NC.M3.G-GMD.3 | Use the volume formulas for prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres to solve problems. |

NC.M3.G-GMD.4 | Identify the shapes of two-dimensional cross-sections of three-dimensional objects, and identify three-dimensional objects generated by rotations of two-dimensional objects. |

NC.M3.G-MG.1 | Apply geometric concepts in modeling situations Use geometric and algebraic concepts to solve problems in modeling situations: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties, to model real-life objects. Use geometric formulas and algebraic functions to model relationships. Apply concepts of density based on area and volume. Apply geometric concepts to solve design and optimization problems. |

NC.M3.S-IC1 | Understand the process of making inferences about a population based on a random sample from that population. |

NC.M3.S-IC.3 | Recognize the purposes of and differences between sample surveys, experiments, and observational studies and understand how randomization should be used in each. |

NC.M3.S-IC.4 | Use simulation to understand how samples can be used to estimate a population mean or proportion and how to determine a margin of error for the estimate. |

NC.M3.S-IC.5 | Use simulation to determine whether observed differences between samples from two distinct populations indicate that the two populations are actually different in terms of a parameter of interest. |

NC.M3.S-IC.6 | Evaluate articles and websites that report data by identifying the source of the data, the design of the study, and the way the data are graphically displayed. |

## Math 4

NC.M4.N.1 | Apply properties and operations with complex numbers. |

NC.M4.N.1.1 | Execute procedures to add and subtract complex numbers. |

NC.M4.N.1.2 | Execute procedures to multiply complex numbers. |

NC.M4.N.2 | Apply properties and operations with matrices and vectors. |

NC.M4.N.2.1 | Execute procedures of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and scalar multiplication on matrices. |

NC.M4.N.2.2 | Execute procedures of addition, subtraction, and scalar multiplication on vectors. |

NC.M4.AF.1 | Apply properties of function composition to build new functions from existing functions. |

NC.M4.AF.1.1 | Execute algebraic procedures to compose two functions. |

NC.M4.AF.1.2 | Execute a procedure to determine the value of a composite function at a given value when the functions are in algebraic, graphical, or tabular representations. |

NC.M4.AF.2 | Apply properties of trigonometry to solve problems. |

NC.M4.AF.2.1 | Translate trigonometric expressions using the reciprocal and Pythagorean identities. |

NC.M4.AF.2.2 | Implement the Law of Sines and the Law of Cosines to solve problems. |

NC.M4.AF.2.3 | Interpret key features (amplitude, period, phase shift, vertical shifts, midline, domain, range) of models using sine and cosine functions in terms of a context. |

NC.M4.AF.3 | Apply the properties and key features of logarithmic functions. |

NC.M4.AF.3.1 | Execute properties of logarithms to rewrite expressions and solve equations algebraically. |

NC.M4.AF.3.2 | Implement properties of logarithms to solve equations in contextual situations. |

NC.M4.AF.3.3 | Interpret key features of a logarithmic function using multiple representations. |

NC.M4.AF.4 | Understand the properties and key features of piecewise functions. |

NC.M4.AF.4.1 | Translate between algebraic and graphical representations of piecewise functions (linear, exponential, quadratic, polynomial, square root). |

NC.M4.AF.4.2 | Construct piecewise functions to model a contextual situation. |

NC.M4.AF.5 | Understand how to model functions with regression. |

NC.M4.AF.5.1 | Construct regression models of linear, quadratic, exponential, logarithmic, & sinusoidal functions of bivariate data using technology to model data and solve problems. |

NC.M4.AF.5.2 | Compare residuals and residual plots of non-linear models to assess the goodness-of-fit of the model. |

NC.M4.SP.1 | Create statistical investigations to make sense of real-world phenomena. |

NC.M4.SP.1.1 | Construct statistical questions to guide explorations of data in context. |

NC.M4.SP.1.2 | Design sample surveys and comparative experiments using sampling methods to collect and analyze data to answer a statistical question. |

NC.M4.SP.1.3 | Organize large datasets of real-world contexts (i.e. datasets that include 3 or more measures and have sample sizes >200) using technology (e.g., spreadsheets, dynamic data analysis tools) to determine: types of variables in the data set, possible outcomes for each variable, statistical questions that could be asked of the data, and types of numerical and graphical summaries could be used to make sense of the data. |

NC.M4.SP.1.4 | Interpret non-standard data visualizations from the media or scientific papers to make sense of real-world phenomena. |

NC.M4.SP.2 | Apply informal and formal statistical inference to make sense of, and make decisions in, meaningful real-world contexts. |

NC.M4.SP.2.1 | Design a simulation to make a sampling distribution that can be used in making informal statistical inferences. |

NC.M4.SP.2.2 | Construct confidence intervals of population proportions in the context of the data. |

NC.M4.SP.2.3 | Implement a one proportion z-test to determine if an observed proportion is significantly different from a hypothesized proportion. |

NC.M4.SP.3 | Apply probability distributions in making decisions in uncertainty. |

NC.M4.SP.3.1 | Implement discrete probability distributions to model random phenomena and make decisions (e.g., expected value of playing a game, etc.). |

NC.M4.SP.3.2 | Implement the binomial distribution to model situations and make decisions. |

NC.M4.SP.3.3 | Recognize from simulations of sampling distributions of sample means and proportions that a normal distribution can be used as an approximate model in certain situations. |

NC.M4.SP.3.4 | Implement the normal distribution as a probability distribution to determine the likelihood of events occurring. |

## Precalculus

PC.N.1 | Apply properties of complex numbers and the complex number system. |

PC.N.1.1 | Execute the sum and difference algorithms to combine complex numbers. |

PC.N.1.2 | Execute the multiplication algorithm with complex numbers. |

PC.N.2 | Apply properties and operations with matrices. |

PC.N.2.1 | Execute the sum and difference algorithms to combine matrices of appropriate dimensions. |

PC.N.2.2 | Execute associative and distributive properties to matrices. |

PC.N.2.3 | Execute commutative property to add matrices. |

PC.N.2.4 | Execute properties of matrices to multiply a matrix by a scalar. |

PC.N.2.5 | Execute the multiplication algorithm with matrices. |

PC.N.3 | Understand properties and operations with vectors. |

PC.N.3.1 | Represent a vector indicating magnitude and direction. |

PC.N.3.2 | Execute sum and difference algorithms to combine vectors. |

PC.A.1 | Apply properties of solving inequalities that include rational and polynomial expressions in one variable. |

PC.A.1.1 | Implement algebraic (sign analysis) methods to solve rational and polynomial inequalities. |

PC.A.1.2 | Implement graphical methods to solve rational and polynomial inequalities. |

PC.A.2 | Apply properties of solving equations involving exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions. |

PC.A.2.1 | Use properties of logarithms to rewrite expressions. |

PC.A.2.2 | Implement properties of exponentials and logarithms to solve equations. |

PC.A.2.3 | Implement properties of trigonometric functions to solve equations including inverse trigonometric functions, double angle formulas, and Pythagorean identities. |

PC.A.2.4 | Implement algebraic techniques to rewrite parametric equations in cartesian form by eliminating the parameter. |

PC.F.1 | Understand key features of sine, cosine, tangent, cotangent, secant and cosecant functions. |

PC.F.1.1 | Interpret algebraic and graphical representations to determine key features of transformed sine and cosine functions. Key features include: amplitude, domain, midline, phase shift, frequency, period, intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive or negative, relative maximums and minimums. |

PC.F.1.2 | Interpret algebraic and graphical representations to determine key features of tangent, cotangent, secant, and cosecant. Key features include: domain, frequency, period, intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive or negative, relative maximums and minimums, and asymptotes. |

PC.F.1.3 | Integrate information to build trigonometric functions with specified amplitude, frequency, period, phase shift, or midline with or without context. |

PC.F.1.4 | Implement graphical and algebraic methods to solve trigonometric equations and inequalities in context with support from technology. |

PC.F.2 | Apply properties of a unit circle with center (0,0) to determine the values of sine, cosine, tangent, cotangent, secant, and cosecant. |

PC.F.2.1 | Use a unit circle to find values of sine, cosine, and tangent for angles in terms of reference angles. |

PC.F.2.2 | Explain the relationship between the symmetry of a unit circle and the periodicity of trigonometric functions. |

PC.F.3 | Apply properties of trigonometry to solve problems involving all types of triangles. |

PC.F.3.1 | Implement a strategy to solve equations using inverse trigonometric functions. |

PC.F.3.2 | Implement the Law of Sines and the Law of Cosines to solve problems. |

PC.F.3.3 | Implement the Pythagorean identity to find sin(ΞΈ), cos(ΞΈ), or tan(ΞΈ) given sin(ΞΈ), cos(ΞΈ), or tan(ΞΈ) and the quadrant of the angle. |

PC.F.4 | Understand the relationship of algebraic and graphical representations of exponential, logarithmic, rational, power functions, and conic sections to their key features. |

PC.F.4.1 | Interpret algebraic and graphical representations to determine key features of exponential functions. Key features include: domain, range, intercepts, intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive or negative, concavity, end behavior, limits, and asymptotes. |

PC.F.4.2 | Integrate information to build exponential functions to model phenomena involving growth or decay. |

PC.F.4.3 | Interpret algebraic and graphical representations to determine key features of logarithmic functions. Key features include: domain, range, intercepts, intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive or negative, concavity, end behavior, continuity, limits, and asymptotes. |

PC.F.4.4 | Implement graphical and algebraic methods to solve exponential and logarithmic equations in context with support from technology. |

PC.F.4.5 | Interpret algebraic and graphical representations to determine key features of rational functions. Key features include: domain, range, intercepts, intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive or negative, concavity, end behavior, continuity, limits, and asymptotes. |

PC.F.4.6 | Implement graphical and algebraic methods to solve optimization problems given rational and polynomial functions in context with support from technology. |

PC.F.4.7 | Construct graphs of transformations of power, exponential, and logarithmic functions showing key features. |

PC.F.4.8 | Identify the conic section (ellipse, hyperbola, parabola) from its algebraic representation in standard form. |

PC.F.4.9 | Interpret algebraic and graphical representations to determine key features of conic sections (ellipse: center, length of the major and minor axes; hyperbola: vertices, transverse axis; parabola: vertex, axis of symmetry). |

PC.F.5 | Apply properties of function composition to build new functions from existing functions. |

PC.F.5.1 | Implement algebraic procedures to compose functions. |

PC.F.5.2 | Execute a procedure to determine the value of a composite function at a given value using algebraic, graphical, and tabular representations. |

PC.F.5.3 | Implement algebraic methods to find the domain of a composite function. |

PC.F.5.4 | Organize information to build models involving function composition. |

PC.F.5.5 | Deconstruct a composite function into two functions. |

PC.F.5.6 | Implement algebraic and graphical methods to find an inverse function of an existing function, restricting domains if necessary. |

PC.F.5.7 | Use composition to determine if one function is the inverse of another function. |

PC.F.6 | Apply mathematical reasoning to build recursive functions to model and solve problems. |

PC.F.6.1 | Use algebraic representations to build recursive functions. |

PC.F.6.2 | Construct a recursive function for a sequence represented numerically. |

PC.F.7 | Apply mathematical reasoning to build parametric functions and solve problems. |

PC.F.7.1 | Implement algebraic methods to write parametric equations in context. |

PC.F.7.2 | Implement technology to solve contextual problems involving parametric equations. |