# Lesson Plan: Visualizing Slope on a Graph

## Lesson Objectives

• Visualize slope on a coordinate plane
• Interpret positive and negative slopes
• Relate slope to steepness of a line

## TEKS Standards

• 8.4B: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting unit rate as slope.
• 8.4C: Use data to determine rate of change or slope and y-intercept.
• 8.5I: Write linear equations using various representations.
• A.3C: Graph linear functions and identify key features.

## Prerequisites

• Understanding of the coordinate plane and how to plot points
• Knowledge of the concept of slope (rise over run)
• Familiarity with similar triangles and their properties

## Warm Up Activity (5 minutes)

Review the concept of slope with a quick real-world example, such as the slope of a ramp or a hiking trail. Ask students to share their experiences with slopes in everyday life.

Show these examples of stairs to compare steepness: https://www.media4math.com/library/75324/asset-preview

## Explore (10 minutes)

Distribute graph paper and pencils to students. Provide them with a set of coordinates and ask them to plot the points on the coordinate plane. Then, have them connect the points to form a line. Encourage students to observe the steepness or flatness of the line they have drawn.

Review the following definitions:

## Explain (10 minutes)

Demonstrate how to calculate the slope of a line given two points on a graph using the ratio of rise over run. Show this video to see how to do that.

https://www.media4math.com/library/75386/asset-preview

Use this Desmos activity to have students explore slope as the ratio of rise over run. Students click and drag on the two points and then use their understanding of right triangles to find the ratio of the rise over the run.

https://www.media4math.com/library/75385/asset-preview

## Elaborate (5 minutes)

Use the Desmos activity from the previous section and have students find the slope for the line connecting the following pairs of points:

• (0, 0) and (4, 4)
• (1, 1) and (7, 4)
• (2, 2) and (5, 8)
• (0, 4) and (4, 0)

Have students click and drag on the points to place them on the proper coordinate. Or, if this is being presented to the class you can do this for them.

To calculate the slope have students:

• Count the number of vertical spaces from one point to the other: This is the Rise.
• Count the number of horizontal spaces from one point to the other: This is the Run.

Remind students:

• The rise and the run are part of a right triangle where the line connecting the points is the hypotenuse. Show additional examples with both positive and negative slopes.
• Lines with a positive slope point upward in going from left to right.
• Lines with a negative slope point downward in going from left to right.

## Evaluate (5 minutes)

Check for understanding with a quick 5-question quiz on identifying slope from a graph and calculating slope given two points.

## Quiz

1. Which line has a positive slope?
a) A line sloping upwards from left to right.
b) A line sloping downwards from left to right.

2. Which line has a negative slope?
a) A line sloping upwards from left to right.
b) A line sloping downwards from left to right.

3. Calculate the slope of a line passing through the points (1, 2) and (4, 6).
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4

4. Calculate the slope of a line passing through the points (-2, 3) and (4, -1).
a) -1
b) -2
c) 1
d) 2

5. If a line passes through the points (3, 5) and (3, 9), what is its slope?
a) 0
b) 1
c) 2
d) Undefined