# Lesson Plan: Introduction to Linear Equations

## Lesson Objectives:

• Define linear equations
• Identify linear equations
• Represent linear equations using tables, graphs, and algebraic expressions
• Understand components of linear equations (slope, y-intercept)

## Florida BEST Standards:

• MA.8.AR.2.1: Recognize slope and y-intercept in y = mx + b; interpret in real-world context.
• MA.8.AR.2.2: Solve two-step linear equations in one variable.
• MA.8.AR.2.3: Determine slope from table, graph, or description.
• MA.8.AR.3.1: Determine if a linear relationship is proportional.
• MA.8.AR.3.2: Write equation in slope-intercept form from table, graph, or description.
• MA.8.AR.3.3: Determine if a linear function fits a real-world context.
• MA.8.AR.3.4: Determine and interpret rate of change as slope.

## Prerequisite Skills:

• Understanding of variables and algebraic expressions
• Familiarity with the Cartesian coordinate plane
• Basic arithmetic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division)

## Key Vocabulary:

• Linear equation
• Variable
• Coefficient
• Constant
• Slope
• y-intercept

## Warm-up Activity (5 minutes)

Introduce the concept of linear equations by showing real-life examples. Use this slide show:

https://www.media4math.com/library/slideshow/applications-linear-equations

This shows these applications of linear equations:

• Cricket chirps vs. Temperature
• The cost vs. time for renting equipment
• Distance vs. time

Then show this slide show to compare and contrast linear and non-linear graphs:

https://www.media4math.com/library/slideshow/linear-vs-non-linear-graphs

## Teach (20 minutes)

### Definition and Components of Linear Equations

Define linear equations as equations that form a straight line when graphed. Use this slide show that provides video definitions of linear equations and linear functions:

https://www.media4math.com/library/slideshow/linear-equations-and-functions-definitions

Explain the components: variables, coefficients, and constants.

Here are some additional definitions to review:

### Identifying Linear Equations

Introduce linear equations in standard form and show how this form relates to the slope-intercept form. Use this slide show:

https://www.media4math.com/library/slideshow/linear-equations-standard-and-slope-intercept-form

### Representing Linear Equations

• Introduce the three ways to represent linear equations: tables, graphs, and algebraic expressions. Use this slide show of examples of multiple representations of linear equations:

https://www.media4math.com/library/slideshow/multiple-representations-linear-equations

• Demonstrate how to create a table of values and plot points on the coordinate plane. Use this Desmos activity to explore the three representations of linear equations:

https://www.desmos.com/calculator/tfoy9bwov2

• Explain the concept of slope and y-intercept, and their relationship to the equation's form. Use this Desmos activity to explore slope-intercept form:

https://www.media4math.com/library/40088/asset-preview

## Review (10 minutes)

Use this slide show to review linear equations and functions, along with an application of slope:

https://www.media4math.com/library/slideshow/linear-equation-review

You can also assign this worksheet, which reviews multiple representations of linear equations and functions:

https://www.media4math.com/library/34317/asset-preview

## Assess (5 minutes)

Administer a 10-question quiz to assess students' understanding of linear equations. The quiz should include questions on identifying linear equations, finding components, and representing them in different forms.

## Quiz

1. Which of the following is a linear equation?
a) y = x^2 + 3
b) 2x + 5y = 10
c) x^3 - y = 0
d) 3x - 2y + 4 = 0

2. Identify the coefficient of x in the equation: 4x + 2y = 8.

3. What is the y-intercept of the equation y = 2x + 3?

4. What is the general form of a linear equation in slope-intercept form?

5. What is the general form of a linear equation in standard form?

6. Determine if the equation 5x + 2y - 3 = 0 is linear or non-linear.

7. Which equation represents this situation: The cost of renting a car is \$25 plus$0.20 per mile.
a) y = 0.2x + 25
b) y = 25x + 0.2

8. Identify the variables, coefficients, and constant in the equation: y = -2x + 5.

9. Find the slope of the line represented by the equation y = 1/2x + 3.

10. Determine if the equation x^2 + y^2 = 25 is a linear equation or not.

1. b and d
2. 4
3. 3
4. y = mx + b
5. Ax + By = C
6. Linear
7. a
8. Variables: x, y; coefficients: 1, -2; constant: 5
9. 1/2
10. Not a linear equation